This article will provide a brief overview about the historic background, importance, concepts, principles plus general debates about sustainable tourism.
Sustainable tourism is one of the pre-requisites of achieving sustainable development. the concept of travel and leisure with sustainability and development gets its historical inclusion from mass tourism that got flourished within 1960s due to advent of jet plane and the passions for tourism obtained tremendous following and it also reached Third World countries (Dann, 2002). It was furthermore argued that this boost pushed organizations like World Bank and EL to examine the cost benefit analysis of tourism and it was acknowledged that will potential costs of tourism is much lower than financial benefits in shape associated with balance pf payment surpluses, facilities development, and employment and foreign currency gains.
In the event you loved this information and you want to receive details with regards to eo outbound bandung generously visit the web-site.
So that gave rise to the concept of sustainable tourism as one of the supply of bringing sustainable development. According to the Planet’s Summit on Sustainable Development (2002), it is claimed that Tourism could be the world’s largest industry where within 2000, 698 million people travelled internationally which 7. 3 % more than 1999. Similarly the financial worth of international tourism was US$477. 9 billion in 2k (Papers4you. com, 2006).
In terms of one particular concrete definition, literature suggests that it is not fixed and is ever evolving. However Coccossis (1996) asserts that lasting tourism can be taken in four different interpretations that include” economic durability of tourism”, the “ecologically sustainable tourism”, ” sustainable tourism development” with both focus of environment and also long term feasibility of the industry and finally “tourism as a part of a strategy for sustainable development”.
As mentioned above, sustainable travel and leisure should be taken in consideration to environmental and resources effects. It was contended that Mediterranean tourism is the primary source of economic gain for the cause however short term growth was disregarded with long term adverse effect plus deterioration of their ecosystem and assets (Farsari, 2000)
Effects of ignorant tourism on its sustainability include: ‘over consumption of natural resources, environmental destruction, exploitation of cultures and labour, displacement of people from their land, lack of consultation with local communities, badly thought out tourism planning and high foreign exchange leakage which reduces local economic benefits’ in long run (World’s Summit on Sustainable Development, 2002),
Where such effects are there to pose a threat on eco friendly tourism there are guiding principles that may lead to ensure sustainability (Papers4you. com, 2006). Those principles include sustainable use of resources, waste and over-consumption reduction, diversity maintenance, tourism-planning incorporation, local economy support as well as group involvement, consultation, training, research and responsible marketing (Farsari, 2000)
Therefore the discussion suggest that tourism industry has potential to be a prerequisite for sustainable development, however it is imperative to realize that focus on mass tourism only can pose danger to environment therefore in order to ensure sustainability in tourism, guiding principles should be followed
Coccossis, H. (1996) ‘Tourism and Sustainability: Perspectives and Implications’ within Priestley, G. et al. (eds), Sustainable Tourism? European Experiences, U. K.: Cab International
Dann, Gary the gadget guy, M, S, (2002), “Tourism and Development”, in Desai V plus Potter, R. (eds) (2002), The Companion to Development Studies, London: Arnold,
Farsari, Y, (2000), ‘Sustainable Tourism Indicators for Mediterranean Set up Destinations’, Heraklion: IACM & ON
Papers For You (2006) “C/T/32. Sustainable travel & tourism”, Available from http://www.coursework4you.co.uk/sprttrav4.htm [22/06/2006]